The Dana Air Crash


On 3rd June 2012 at about 1545:00hrs, 5N-RAM, a Boeing MD-83, a domestic scheduled commercial flight, operated by Dana Airlines Nigeria Limited as flight 0992 (DANACO 0992), crashed into a densely populated area. Engine number 1 lost power seventeen minutes into the flight with a further loss of power on number 2 engine on final approach to runway 18R at Murtala Muhammed Airport, Lagos, Nigeria. Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC) prevailed at the time and the airplane was on an Instrument Flight Rules (IFR). All 153 persons onboard the airplane, including six crew were fatally injured. There were also six confirmed ground fatalities. The airplane was destroyed. There was post impact fire. The flight originated from Abuja (ABV) and the destination was Lagos (LOS).



The Crash of Dana Airlines Flight 0992: A Case Study in Human Factors Failures

This case study explores the Dana Air Flight 0992 accident from a Human Factors perspective. It is intended to be a learning and teaching tool for aviation safety practitioners and academics alike. Areas of focus include:

  • History of Dana Air Flight 0992
  • Background Checks
  • Training
  • Safety Culture
  • Conduct of Dana Air Flight 0992
  • Policies and Procedures
  • Crew Resource Management (CRM)
  • Training Records
  • Regulations
  • Safety Recommendations
  • Safety Management Systems (SMS)


View/download the case study by clicking the picture below